Wellness Nutrition 7 Muscle Recovery Foods for After Your Next Workout Chugging water is excellent, but your body needs a little more than that sometimes. By Emily Abbate Emily Abbate Emily Abbate is a wellness journalist, creator of the podcast Hurdle, wellness coach, and motivational speaker. Previously a fitness editor at SELF Magazine, Emily also has bylines at publications like Health, GQ, Well+Good, Glamour, and more. health's editorial guidelines Updated on November 26, 2022 Medically reviewed by Mohamad Hassan, PT Medically reviewed by Mohamad Hassan, PT Mohamad Hassan, PT, DPT, is a physical therapist at Premier Physical Therapy in Chicago. He works in both outpatient rehab and in-home physical therapy. learn more Share this page on Facebook Share this page on Twitter Share this page on Pinterest Email this page There's nothing like the feeling you get after smashing a sweat-dripping, intense workout. Whether you're the kind of person who loves to crush treadmill sprints or you prefer to hit the yoga mat for a vinyasa flow, you get a particular rush when you're filled with endorphins. The not-so-desirable part? The post-fitness soreness. Stressing your muscles—regardless of your go-to exercise method—creates microscopic tears (don't freak out, it's OK). Those tears make you sore at first but ultimately help make you stronger by increasing muscle mass. The good news is you can get a leg up on that "I can't move my arms" feeling with the proper post-workout nutrition. Foods with the right nutrient profiles can help you recover and even lessen next-day soreness. "Aim to get in your post-workout meal sooner rather than later, preferably within three hours of training," explained Ryan M. Greene, DO, MS, medical director at Monarch Athletic Club in West Hollywood, Calif. "You're aiming for a two to one carbohydrate to protein ratio since protein is best absorbed with a carbohydrate co-transporter." Here's what you need to know about the foods that are great for post-workout recovery so you can help your muscles recover after your next intense workout. Taro Root Think of taro as sweet potato's purple cousin, Peter Abarcar, Jr., director of culinary and beverage operations for the Westin Hapuna Beach Resort, explained. "Taro is a great source of carbohydrates as well as fiber," said Abarcar. "It's perfect to pair with a protein of your choice to really get in an ideal post-workout meal." Cynthia Sass, RD, contributing nutrition editor for Health, agreed. According to Sass, the purpose of a good recovery meal is to "provide raw materials to heal from the wear-and-tear exercise puts on the body, which is ultimately what makes you stronger and fitter." Spinach for Muscle Recovery Spinach, as well as other cruciferous vegetables, are jam-packed with nutrients that help stave off inflammation. Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese are minerals in spinach, per one study published in Food Science & Nutrition. Additionally, spinach contains essential vitamins, such as A, C, and folate. The leafy powerhouse also contains protein and antioxidant compounds known as flavonoids. If you're looking for ways to add spinach to your post-workout meal, consider blending it into your post-workout smoothie or scrambling it in with some eggs. Blueberries or Raspberries All fruits have antioxidants, which may aid in muscle recovery. Per an article published in Redox Biology, there are many good reasons to eat berries, like blueberries and raspberries. And muscle recovery may be one of these benefits However, additional research is needed. You may be wondering what berries to eat to maximize antioxidant consumption. According to an article published in the International Journal of Molecular Medicine, blueberries contain one of the highest antioxidant capacities among all fruits. However, Dr. Greene said both blueberries and raspberries are excellent sources of carbohydrates and sirtuins. "Sirtuins modulate various cellular and organismal functions—like cellular death, inflammatory pathways in the body, metabolism, and longevity—and assist significantly with recovery," added Dr. Greene. Try Snacking on Chia Seeds After a Workout In two tablespoons, chia seeds boast about four grams of complete protein. In other words, chia seeds have all nine essential amino acids the human body can't make. "Chia seeds also supply key minerals, like iron, calcium, and magnesium, as well as anti-inflammatory fat, which helps support exercise recovery," said Sass. Chia seeds are one of the richest plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, a fat source known for their anti-inflammatory and cardiovascular benefits, per one study published in the journal Nutrients. Abarcar suggested adding chia seeds to Greek yogurt or a smoothie for a bit of crunch. "If you have time in advance, you can also make a chia seed pudding," added Abarcar. "All you need is a little coconut milk and some fresh fruit to top it off with." Green Tea Extract A study published in Physiology and Behavior found that men who supplemented their diets with 500 milligrams of green tea extract had reduced markers of muscle damage caused by exercise. "[Green tea extract] is a rich source of antioxidants and polyphenols that assist with regulating oxidative damage introduced throughout training as well as everyday life," explained Dr. Greene. Dietary supplements are minimally regulated by the FDA and may or may not be suitable for you. The effects of supplements vary from person to person and depend on many variables, including type, dosage, frequency of use, and interactions with current medications. Please speak with your healthcare provider or pharmacist before starting any supplements. Bananas Encourage Muscle Recovery Not only are they super portable, but bananas are also loaded with carbohydrates and potassium, two muscle-friendly post-workout nutrients. "Bananas replenish carbohydrates burned for fuel during exercise, along with potassium, an electrolyte lost in sweat," said Sass. Oatmeal Oatmeal is excellent because it's super easy to make in a pinch (and fast, too). Not to mention, oatmeal can also lead to a longer life, according to a study published by the journal Circulation. The researchers found that people who ate 33 grams of whole grains daily—which you'll get in a bowl of oatmeal—reduced their risk of premature death by 9% compared to those who barely ate whole grains. A Quick Review While some muscle soreness after a hard workout is inevitable, there are dietary steps you can take to be proactive. So, consider adding one (or more) of these muscle recovery foods to your next post-workout snack. What to Eat Before and After Every Kind of Workout Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! Other Submit 7 Sources Health.com uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. American Council on Exercise (ACE). What causes muscle soreness and how is it best relieved?. Waseem M, Akhtar S, Manzoor MF, et al. Nutritional characterization and food value addition properties of dehydrated spinach powder. Food Sci Nutr. 2021;9(2):1213-1221. Mason SA, Trewin AJ, Parker L, Wadley GD. Antioxidant supplements and endurance exercise: Current evidence and mechanistic insights. Redox Biol. 2020;35:101471. Skrovankova S, Sumczynski D, Mlcek J, Jurikova T, Sochor J. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity in different types of berries. Int J Mol Sci. 2015;16(10):24673-24706. Kulczyński B, Kobus-Cisowska J, Taczanowski M, Kmiecik D, Gramza-Michałowska A. The chemical composition and nutritional value of chia seeds—current state of knowledge. Nutrients. 2019;11(6):1242. da Silva W, Machado ÁS, Souza MA, Mello-Carpes PB, Carpes FP. Effect of green tea extract supplementation on exercise-induced delayed onset muscle soreness and muscular damage. Physiol Behav. 2018;194:77-82. Zong G, Gao A, Hu FB, Sun Q. Whole grain intake and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Circulation. 2016;133(24):2370-2380.