Sad but true: bad stuff happens to all of us. Relationships turn toxic and die, trips to the HR department endÂ in pinks slips and tears, loved ones become ill.
It hurts. It sucks. And a lot of times, itâs unfair. Youâd like to think that youâre the kind of person who can suck it up and instantly recover, but the fact is, everyone reacts differently to disappointment and pain. Let it go may make for an inspiringÂ (ifÂ irritatingly omnipresent) song lyric, but letâs face it: landing on your feet and moving on is a lot easier said than done.
But hereâs the thing: While none of us is totally in control of what happens in life, we can control how we react to heinous situations. In honor of National Get Over It Day (yes, that's a thing), we asked experts for their best strategies for moving on and bouncing back.
Follow these tricks and youâll not only be able to rebound from disappointmentsâyouâll actually end up a better, smarter, stronger person than before. (Admit it, youâre intrigued, right?)
Throw a (small) pity party
Want to have a good sob? Go medieval on a container of Ben & Jerryâs? By all means, do it. Unless you let yourself feel pain, you canât heal properly, says Karen Salmansohn, the best-selling author of The Bounce Back Book ($11, amazon.com), who uses a personal story to illustrate her point: âWhile vacationing in Greece a few years ago, I had an accident, in which I basically got squished underneath my moped. I was embarrassed, so even though I was hurt, I put up a brave front, insisting to my friends, âIâm OK, Iâm OK.â Well, my elbow ended up healing badly and to this day I have trouble with my arm.â Crashing in a relationship, or in another aspect of your life, is like that, says Salmansohn: âWhen you insist that youâre fine and donât take time to acknowledge the pain (or grieve, for that matter), you donât heal properly. Let yourself mourn.
Kelly McGonigal, PhD, author of the upcoming book, The Upside of Stress ($20, amazon.com), puts it this way: âGiving yourself permission to grieve about disappointment is how you move on.â In fact, she says, research shows that the more upset you are after some kind of loss or adversity, the more likely you are to experience personal growth as a result. âFeeling bad is often a catalyst for making positive change,â she says. âIf you try to suppress your feelings and âskipâ the feeling bad part, youâre less likely to learn and grow from the experience.â
Pretend you're Serena Williams
Think of any transition as a kind of major sporting event, says McGonigal. âLife is asking a lot of you, so take care of yourself in the same way that an athlete would prepare for an important competition,â she says. âThink of it as self-care, rather than self-indulgence. By that I mean it should create health, help you sustain energy, or provide a true rest.â Salmansohn opts for the second, tapping into the mind-body connection by reaching for the dumbbells. âIt makes me feel empoweredâIâm like, Oh yeah!â she says. âThere are studies that show when youâre physically strong, youâre emotionally strong.â
Create a distraction
One of the reasons we feel so upset when life throws us for a loop is because we feel out of control. âDistractions help you re-gain some of that control,â says Salmansohn. Choose something that youâre good atâa signature strength or passion, she saysâthen put it on your calendar and do it. âThe more stuff that you can write down on your to-do list and cross off, the more youâll feel in control,â says Salmansohn. âThink of it as a stop-and-swap: âWell, I couldnât control that, but I can control this.â You were the person who got dumped or got fired; now youâre the woman whoâs a killer tennis player or someone who has the coolest Pinterest page in the world. Youâve got stuff going on! The point here is to remind yourself that there are other aspects to you as a person.â
Some of the best distractions, McGonigal says, are the ones that involve doing something positive and constructive (in other words, nix the Netflix binge). âVolunteer at a local charity, train for a 5K, even clean out your closet,â she suggests. âBasically, anything that involves moving energy in a positive direction.â
Pick up the phone
Usually when weâre going through a tough time or trauma, we tend to pull inward and push people away. Bad move. âYou have to get yourself off that merry-go-round of not-so-merry thoughts,â says Salmansohn. âWhen weâre by ourselves, we tend to wallow and obsess. But studies show that people who seek out the comfort and safety of friends are the ones who recover fastest. Love does heal, so be around the people who love and support you.â Thereâs another good reason for reaching out, according to Gail Saltz, MD, Healthâs contributing psychology editor: âFriends can help you recover by offering suggestions and advice that you may not have considered.â And while youâre at it, call home, OK? Scientists at the University of Wisconsin at Madison found that when women hear their motherâs voice, it can reduce their stress hormones, producing an effect similar to a hug.
RELATED: 9 Ways to Silence Your Inner Critic
Reframe your identity
Donât let a bad situation define you. Boost your self-esteem by changing your identity and getting out of that victim mindset: âThink of yourself as a victor, not a victim,â says Salmansohn. âReassure yourself that whatever happens, you are the type of person who can get through it. Make it a point to say a mantra of positiveânot pitifulâwords whenever a defeatist attitude starts to creep in: Iâm going to be OK. Iâm strong. I have it within me to get through this and get to where I need to be.â Another trick to get you in a positive frame of mind: âRealize that life is full of curve balls,â Dr. Saltz says. âLook back and recall how you handled every one of them. What youâll realize: You got through them, and you can get through this.â
Cut yourself a break
Repair your ego by taking time for a personalâand compassionateâpep talk. âFocus on whatâs universal about your situation,â says McGonigal. âEveryone makes mistakes. Everyone experiences rejection. Everyone knows what itâs like to try and fail. All that your experience says is that you are humanânot that your life is uniquely screwed up.â And stop projecting blame inward, Dr. Saltz says: âItâs self-referential to think that the fault lies solely with you and not the other person. For example, maybe your relationship failed because your former partner was a commitment-phobe. You need to spot what someone else has broughtâor not broughtâto the situation.â
Use the hurt
Think of it as a kind of emotional adrenaline to make some changes in your life. âA lot of people are afraid of change or anything new and unfamiliar,â says Salmansohn. âBut when youâre going through a crisis, suddenly the new and unfamiliar doesnât look as scary as the place youâre in, so youâre more open to change.â Remember, the story of your life is a lot bigger than one single moment, âso imagine this moment as a turning point in the story that will propel you to something bigger and better,â McGonigal says.
Re-write the story
OK, it may sound a little hokey, but it happens to be true: As awful as your situation may be, there's something positive that can come out of it. McGonigal believes that âthereâs always an upside to change because it gives you an opportunity to make an intentional choice about what you want in life and who you want to be or become. Without major disruptions in our lives, itâs easy to never really reflect on thoseÂ things." Or, as Salmansohn says: âUltimately, itâs all about adopting a student mentality and searching for the good lessons. Happiness isnât about what happens to you; itâs how you respond to what happens to you. Tell your story as a sad one and it will be a sad story; tell it as a happy one and it will be a happy storyâwith a happy ending.â