How Alcohol Affects Your Body

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Your gender

Adding insult to injury: In women, the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)—which breaks down alcohol in the stomach—can work less efficiently than in men, says Scott Walters, PhD, associate professor at the University of Texas School of Public Health. "One drink will get you drunk faster and take you longer to process out of your system than it would a man," Walters says.

Next: Your slim shape

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