12 Types of Birth Control
What it's called: Essure, tubal ligation, vasectomy
What it does: Women can undergo either tubal ligation, a surgical procedure that blocks the fallopian tubes from carrying eggs to the uterus, or tubal implants (Essure), a nonsurgical technique in which a small coil is inserted into the fallopian tubes. The sterilization process is less risky for men: A vasectomy is a minor surgery in which the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles are cut.
Who should avoid it: If you plan to have children, sterilization is not an option—it's not designed to be reversible.
Next: Emergency contraception
Get the latest health, fitness, anti-aging, and nutrition news, plus special offers, insights and updates from Health.com!