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12 Types of Birth Control

sterilization
12 of 14

Sterilization

What it's called: Essure, tubal ligation, vasectomy

What it does: Women can undergo either tubal ligation, a surgical procedure that blocks the fallopian tubes from carrying eggs to the uterus, or tubal implants (Essure), a nonsurgical technique in which a small coil is inserted into the fallopian tubes. The sterilization process is less risky for men: A vasectomy is a minor surgery in which the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles are cut.

Who should avoid it: If you plan to have children, sterilization is not an option—it's not designed to be reversible.

Next: Emergency contraception

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